The move comes at a time when the North African country is facing a prolonged drought and rising temperatures

Morocco plans to import 2 million tonnes of common wheat

REUTERS/BOGDAN CRISTEL - Campo de trigo durante la cosecha
photo_camera REUTERS/BOGDAN CRISTEL - Wheat field during harvesting

At a time when cereal exports are on the rise, Morocco plans to import 2 million tonnes of soft wheat to combat drought problems. The National Commercial Office for Cereals and Pulses (ONICL) announced that the country will grant subsidies for soft wheat imports between 1 October and 31 December. The ONICL said Morocco's Ministry of Finance and Agriculture approved the import scheme. Details of the subsidies will be announced in a separate memorandum, Reuters confirmed. 

The move comes at a sensitive time globally. Morocco is currently facing a prolonged drought caused by insufficient rainfall and rising temperatures, which directly affects agricultural production. For the 2022-2023 crop year, Morocco announced a cereal production of 5.51 million tonnes, a significant increase of 61.8% over the previous season. 

PHOTO/ARCHIVO - Cosecha de cereales
PHOTO/ARCHIVO - Grain harvest

Last year's production was 67% down on the previous year. The North African country's production reached 3.4 million tonnes, exceeding the 2020-2021 season by 1 million tonnes. To address this situation, Morocco announced changes to wheat import subsidies to encourage companies to import more wheat from other markets. In March this year, the trade association tabled an amendment to encourage companies to import grain from the Black Sea region. 

Market experts consulted by MoroccoWorldNews urge the government to tap Russian grain markets. Moulay Abdelkader Alaoui, president of the National Federation of Mills, explained how reopening the doors to Russian wheat imports would help strengthen Morocco's position in diversifying its wheat import sources. The expert said Morocco was forced to withdraw from the Russian market after the war in Ukraine. 

AFP/ANATOLII STEPANOV - Ucrania, conocida como el granero del mundo, cultiva mucho m谩s trigo del que consume y sus exportaciones contribuyen a la seguridad alimentaria mundial, especialmente en los pa铆ses africanos, que ahora temen la escasez de alimentos. Rusia anunci贸 el 17 de julio de 2023 su retirada del llamado acuerdo de cereales del mar Negro
AFP/ANATOLII STEPANOV - Ukraine, known as the breadbasket of the world, grows far more wheat than it consumes and its exports contribute to global food security, especially in African countries, which now fear food shortages. Russia announced on 17 July 2023 its withdrawal from the so-called Black Sea Grains Agreement

Last September, the Russian ambassador to Morocco, Vladimir Baibakov, stressed that Russia is ready to supply wheat to the North African country at reasonable prices. Baibakov stressed that the two countries "buy from each other products that are in demand on their markets". A four- to five-month supply of wheat had been assured, according to Moulay Abdelkader Alaoui, president of the National Federation of Mills, who made this claim in August. Bringing in 25 million quintals of wheat from July to 30 September will improve revenue. 

AFP/ OLEKSANDR GIMANOV - Llenado de la bodega del buque MV Valsamitis fletado por la ONU mientras se carga para entregar 25.000 toneladas de trigo ucraniano a Kenia y 5.000 toneladas a Etiop铆a, en el puerto de Chornomorsk, al este de Odessa en la costa del Mar Negro, el 18 de febrero de 2023, en medio de la invasi贸n rusa de Ucrania
AFP/ OLEKSANDR GIMANOV - Filling the hold of the UN-chartered MV Valsamitis as it is loaded to deliver 25,000 tonnes of Ukrainian wheat to Kenya and 5,000 tonnes to Ethiopia, in the port of Chornomorsk, east of Odessa on the Black Sea coast, on 18 February 2023, amid Russia's invasion of Ukraine

Morocco's imports from Russia include coal and petroleum products, while imports from Russia include citrus fruits and fish. The Russian ambassador also referred to Morocco's position, explaining that the country is one of Russia's most important trade and economic partners in Africa. In 2022, the Kingdom ranked third in exports and fourth in imports, he said, noting that after the COVID-19 pandemic, trade between the two nations reached $2 billion. 

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